Everything about Heart Disease In Men?
Heart Disease: The heart, like all other parts of our bodies, requires adequate oxygen to function properly. Therefore coronary arteries supply oxygen to the heart and meet this requirement of the heart. Fatty deposits or cholesterol develops on the walls of the coronary arteries due to poor food habits and lifestyle. Without the right lifestyle adjustments, clots can lead to blockages over time. Any arterial blockage prevents blood from reaching certain regions of the heart muscle. This results in myocardial ischemia, a condition in which a part of the heart lacks oxygen. When myocardial ischemia goes unnoticed or untreated for an extended period of time, the heart tissues begin to die, resulting in a heart attack.
cardiovascular disease is a primary cause of death in both men and women, though the indications and symptoms may differ. It is critical for people to become familiar with the indications and symptoms that are most likely to occur with their sex.
Men can carry out a variety of lifestyle adjustments to help prevent cardiovascular disease and heart attacks. it can be treated before it becomes a problem, as well as during and after a heart attack.
What is the definition of heart disease?
Heart disease is also known as the cardiovascular disease it is a term that refers to a set of diseases that affect your heart and blood vessels. One or more sections of your heart and/or blood arteries may be affected by these disorders. A person may be symptomatic or asymptomatic.
Factors responsible for developing heart disease include:
- Age: Age is one of the factors that contribute to the development of heart disease. As you become older, you’re more likely to have damaged and restricted arteries, as well as a weakened or thicker heart muscle.
- Stress: Unresolved stress can harm your arteries and exacerbate other heart disease risk factors.
- Diabetes: Diabetes raises your chances of developing heart disease. Due to the diabetes disorder obesity and high blood pressure, can be increased.
- Family history: A family history of heart disease raises your risk of coronary artery disease, especially if one of your parents was diagnosed at a young age, before age 55 for a male and 65 for a female.
- Poor dietary habits: A high-fat, high-salt, high-sugar, and high-cholesterol diet can all contribute to the development of heart disease.
- Blood pressure: uncontrolled high blood pressure can cause arteries to stiffen and thicken and narrow the veins through which blood flows and due to which there is an increase or decrease in pressure.
- Smoking: Nicotine constricts blood arteries, while carbon monoxide damages their inner lining, increasing the risk of atherosclerosis. Smokers have a higher risk of heart attacks than nonsmokers.
- High cholesterol levels in the blood: Plaque development and atherosclerosis are both increased by high cholesterol levels in the blood.
- Obesity: Other heart disease risk factors are often worsened by excess weight.
- Lack of physical activity: Lack of exercise is linked to many types of heart disease, as well as some of the disease’s other risk factors.
- Dental health problem: Brushing and flossing your teeth and gums on a regular basis, as well as having regular dental checkups, are essential. Germs can enter your bloodstream and go to your heart, producing endocarditis, if your teeth and gums aren’t healthy.
- Sex: Men have a higher risk of heart disease than women. After menopause, women’s risk increases.
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Symptoms of heart disease from the blood vessels
Coronary artery disease is a type of cardiovascular disease that affects your blood vessels, and the symptoms vary between men and women. The following are examples of signs and symptoms:
- Pain in the chest, tightness in the chest, pressure in the chest, and discomfort in the chest (angina)
- Breathing problems
- Narrowing arteries of your legs or arms may cause pain, numbness, weakness, or coldness.
- Back chest, neck, jaw, throat, upper abdominal pain
Coronary artery disease may not be discovered until after a heart attack, angina, stroke, or heart failure. It’s critical to keep an eye out for cardiovascular symptoms and speak with your doctor if you have any concerns. A regular checkup can help to detect cardiovascular problems at an early stage.
Symptoms of heart disease caused by irregular heartbeats
It’s possible that your heart beats too quickly, too slowly, or irregularly. Some of the signs and symptoms of irregular heartbeats:
- Fluttering in your chest
- Racing heartbeat (tachycardia)
- Slow heartbeat (bradycardia)
- Chest pain or discomfort
- Shortness of breath
- Fainting (syncope) or near fainting
Symptoms caused by heart defects
- Pale gray or blue skin color
- Swelling in the legs, stomach, or eyelids
- Shortness of breath during feedings to the baby, which causes poor weight gain
- Easily getting short of breath during exercise or activity
- Easily tiring during exercise or activity
- Swelling in the hands, ankles, or feet
Symptoms caused by heart muscle (cardiomyopathy) disorder
In the initial stages of cardiomyopathy, there might be no symptoms. As the condition start severs, symptoms arise such as:
- Breathlessness with activity or at rest
- Swelling of the legs, ankles, and feet
- Irregular heartbeats that feel rapid, pounding, or fluttering
- Dizziness, lightheadedness, and fainting
Symptoms caused by a heart infection
Heart infection signs and symptoms such as:
- Shortness of breath
- Weakness or fatigue
- Swelling in your legs or abdomen
- Changes in your heart rhythm
- Dry or persistent cough
- Skin rashes or unusual spots
Symptoms caused by heart valve problems
The four valves of the heart are aortic, mitral, pulmonary, and tricuspid which open and close to direct blood flow through the heart. Many factors can cause damage to your heart valves which result in narrowing, leakage, or inappropriate closing.
Signs and symptoms of heart valve problems such as:
- Shortness of breath
- Irregular heartbeat
- Swollen feet or ankles
- Chest pain
- Fainting (syncope)
PRECAUTIONS WHICH LOWER THE RISK OF HEART DISEASE
- Maintain a healthy blood pressure level: Heart disease is caused by high blood pressure, which is a key risk factor. It is recommended to have your blood pressure checked on a regular basis at least once a year for most individuals, and much more frequently if you have high blood pressure. Take actions to avoid or control high blood pressure, including making lifestyle changes.
- Maintain a healthy level of cholesterol and triglyceride: increased level of cholesterol increases the clogging in arteries due to which coronary artery disease and heart stroke risk increase. Cholesterol can be reduced through a combination of lifestyle changes and medications. Triglycerides are a type of fat found in the bloodstream. High triglyceride levels can also increase the risk of coronary heart disease, particularly in women.
- Maintain a healthy body weight: Being overweight or obese can increase your risk of heart disease. This is largely due to their association with other risk factors for heart disease such as high blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels, high blood pressure, and diabetes. These risks can be reduced if you maintain a healthy weight.
- Maintain a balanced diet: Limit saturated fats, high-sodium foods, and extra sweets. Eat a variety of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. The DASH diet is an example of a diet plan that can help lower blood pressure and cholesterol, two factors that can reduce the risk of heart disease.
- Get some exercise on a regular basis: Exercise offers numerous advantages, including strengthening the heart and increasing circulation. It can also aid in the maintenance of a healthy weight as well as the reduction of cholesterol and blood pressure. These activities can help you avoid heart disease.
- Alcohol consumed should be reduced: Too much alcohol might cause your blood pressure to rise and add more calories, which leads to weight gain. And both factors increase the chances of developing heart disease. Men should limit themselves to one alcoholic drink each day.
- Quit smoking: Cigarette smoking elevates blood pressure and increases your risk of heart attack and stroke. Don’t start smoking if you don’t already. If you smoke, quitting reduces your chances of developing heart disease. You can get assistance from your health care professional in determining the best method for you to quit.
- Manage your stress: In many ways, depression is linked to heart disease. It has the power to raise your blood pressure. Heart disease can be caused by major stressors. In addition, certain stress-relieving behaviors, such as overeating, heavy drinking, and smoking, are harmful to your heart. Exercising, listening to music, concentrating on something calm or quiet, and meditating on all the good techniques for controlling your stress.
- Control diabetes: Diabetes mellitus is twice as likely if you have diabetes. Diabetes causes high blood sugar, which damages the blood vessels and the nerves that control the heart and blood vessels over time. For this reason, it is important to get tested for diabetes and, if diagnosed, to keep it under control.
- Adequate amount of sleep: You increase your chances of high blood pressure, obesity, and diabetes if you don’t get enough sleep. These three factors can increase your chances of developing heart disease. The average adult requires at least 7 to 9 hours of sleep per night. Make sure you’re getting enough sleep. If you have trouble sleeping on a regular basis, talk to your doctor. Sleep apnea is a condition that causes people to lack breathing for small periods of time while sleeping. This makes it difficult to get a decent night’s sleep and increases your risk of heart disease. If you feel you have it, speak with your doctor about getting a sound sleep. Also, if you do have sleep apnea, get it treated as soon as possible.